SECTION 10 of Republic Act 11232, otherwise known as the Revised Corporation Code of the Philippines, allows any person, partnership, association or corporation, singly or jointly with others, but not more than 15 in number, to organize a corporation for any lawful purpose or purposes.
To implement clearly and properly this provision, the Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC) issued Memorandum Circular 16, series of 2019 promulgating the guidelines on the number and qualifications of incorporators under the Revised Corporation Code.
The SEC adopts the following guidelines on the composition of incorporators for registering domestic corporations:
1. Number of incorporators
To form a new domestic corporation under the Revised Corporation Code, two or more persons, but not more than 15, may organize themselves and form a corporation.
Only a One-person Corporation (OPC) may have a single stockholder, as well as a sole director. Accordingly, its registration must comply with the corresponding separate guidelines on establishing an OPC.
2. Definition of incorporators
Incorporators are those stockholders or members mentioned in the Articles of Incorporation as originally forming and composing the corporation, and who are signatories thereof.
3. Qualifications of incorporators
Each incorporator of a stock corporation must own, or be a subscriber to, at least one share of the capital stock. Each incorporator of a non-stock corporation must be a member of the corporation.
The incorporators may be composed of any combination of natural person(s), SEC-registered partnership(s), SEC-registered domestic corporation(s) or association(s), as well as foreign corporation(s). Incorporators who are natural persons must be of legal age and must sign the Articles of Incorporation/Bylaws.
4. Partnerships as incorporators
If an SEC-recorded partnership is made an incorporator, the application for registration must be accompanied by a Partners’ Affidavit, duly executed by all partners, to the effect that they have authorized the partnership to invest in the corporation about to be formed and that they have designated one of the partners to become a signatory to the incorporation documents.
Partnerships with “dissolved” or “expired” status with the SEC shall not be authorized to become an incorporator.
5. Domestic corporations or associations as incorporators
If an SEC-registered domestic corporation or association is made an incorporator, its investment in the new corporation must be approved by a majority of the Board of Directors or Trustees and ratified by the stockholders representing at least 2/3 of the outstanding capital stock, or by at least 2/3 of the members for non-stock corporations, at a meeting duly called for the purpose.
A Directors’/Trustees’ Certificate or a Secretary’s Certificate, indicating the necessary approvals, as well as the authorized signatory to the incorporation documents, shall be executed under oath and submitted by the applicant.
Domestic corporations considered “delinquent,” “suspended,” “revoked,” or “expired” status with the SEC shall not be authorized to become an incorporator.
6. Foreign corporations as incorporators
If a foreign corporation is made an incorporator, the application for registration must be accompanied by a copy of a document (i.e., Board Resolution, Directors’ Certificate, Secretary’s Certificate, or its equivalent), duly authenticated by a Philippine Consulate or with an apostille affixed thereto, authorizing the foreign corporation to invest in the corporation being formed and specifically naming the designated signatory on behalf of the foreign corporation.
7. Signatories of the articles of incorporation
Each individual signing the Articles of Incorporation/Bylaws must indicate the capacity upon which they are signing thereto (i.e., Incorporator or Representative of XYZ Corp.).
An individual designated to sign the Articles of Incorporation/Bylaws on behalf of an incorporator that is not a natural person must also indicate the corporate or partnership name of the entity being represented and for whom they are executing the Articles of Incorporation/Bylaws. The Taxpayer Identification Number (TIN) of the principal, as well as the designated signatory, should both be indicated in the Articles of Incorporation.
No application for incorporation shall be accepted, unless the registration documents reflect the TIN or passport number of all its foreign investors other than foreign corporations that have not yet been issued a TIN.
After incorporation, all the foreign investors, natural or juridical, shall secure a TIN. All documents to be filed with the SEC after incorporation (e.g., General Information Sheets) shall not be accepted, unless the TIN of all its foreign investors, natural or juridical, resident or nonresident, are indicated therein.
8. Designation of incorporators as directors or trustees
An individual who signs the Articles of Incorporation on behalf of an incorporator that is not a natural person may not be named as a director or trustee in the same Articles of Incorporation, unless when the said individual is also the owner of at least one share of stock or is also a member of the corporation being formed.
9. Foreign nationals in the articles of incorporation
The inclusion of foreign nationals in the Articles of Incorporation shall be subject to the applicable constitutional, statutory, and regulatory restrictions, as well as conditions, with respect to foreign participation in certain investment areas or activities.
10. Additional Requirements for Certain Corporations
No Articles of Incorporation of banks, banking and quasi-banking institutions, pre-need, insurance and trust companies, no-stock savings and loan associations, pawnshops, and other financial intermediaries shall be approved, unless accompanied by a favorable recommendation of the appropriate government agency to the effect that the Articles of Incorporation are in accordance with law.
11. Processing of Applications
The processing of applications for registration in accordance with the new provisions of the Revised Corporation Code shall be done manually by the Company Registration and Monitoring Department and the extension offices of the SEC until further notice.
SEC Memorandum Circular 16, Series of 2019 amends all issuances, orders, rules and regulations of the SEC that may be inconsistent with it and is effective immediately upon its publication in a newspaper of general circulation.
Please be guided accordingly.
Source: P&A Grant Thornton
As published in SunStar Cebu, dated 02 October 2019